The 1st phase elections of Bengal legislative assembly polls are set to start on the 27th of March and twenty-eight parties are participating in the initial 2 phases. The parties participating in Bengal have exploded over the most recent thirty years. Twelve parties participated in 1951’s assembly polls in Bengal and eleven parties battled in 1987 assembly elections in West Bengal.
The amount of parties, from there on, developed to thirty-five in the year of 1991 assembly elections, and up to fifty-four political parties in the last West Bengal assembly elections. Small political parties have been not able to have any effect in the polls even as the amount of political parties has developed fundamentally throughout the years.
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In excess of 80% of political parties participating in the 2011 and 2016 assembly polls in Bengal didn’t win any assembly seats. Despite the fact that the political parties winning no seats have certainly redirected a few votes, their rate has decreased throughout the most recent 6 yrs. They are winning no seat collected 8.3% of the votes in 1991 assembly elections, which tumbled to 3.3% in the last assembly elections.
Md. Ezaruddin’s Mustakim party, Jharkhand Party (Aditya), Jawaharlal Mahato’s Mulnibasi Party, Praveen Kumar Saraf’s Bharat party, RMR party, these parties enrolled as a party. Just 3 political parties- TMC, INC, CPI(M) won in excess of 90% of the assembly elections seats in the last 2 assembly polls.
In the meantime, fifty-nine participants each from the All India Trinamool Congress and Bhartiya Janta Party are participating in the initial 2 phases of the Bengal polls this time while there are seventy-one participants. CPI(M) follows the fifty-six participants list on the ground in the initial 2 phases of the West Bengal Assembly elections.